Cement is a key ingredient in the process of making concrete. In this video, you will take a look at how cement is made. In order to make this material, the manufacturer must mine raw limestone materials from quarries deep in the ground. After workers have drilled out the right materials, they grind them into a fine powder. A concrete contractor serving Murfreesboro can answer any other questions that you may have about how cement is made.
If you are considering installing a new foundation slab or concrete driveway for your home, be sure to get in touch with your local concrete company. A contractor that specializes in concrete services will be able to help you achieve the best results from your installation.
When you are gearing up for a new driveway installation, you may have questions about whether concrete or asphalt will be the best fit for your needs . While asphalt may seem like it is a quick and easy fix for your driveway, you may ultimately be disappointed with the performance and durability of this material. A concrete specialist that offers concrete driveway installation in Murfreesboro can provide you with detailed information about the relative benefits of concrete and asphalt.
If you want your driveway to last for as long as possible before it needs to be replaced, you will want to be sure to choose a concrete driveway for your home. Your concrete driveway will be resistant to cracks, chips, and stains, without the need to be sealed every few years. In order to keep your asphalt driveway from deteriorating over time, you may find yourself performing time-consuming and costly sealing procedures. After learning about the many benefits of concrete, you will be ready for your installation.
When you are getting ready for a concrete installation, you may have questions about the differences between concrete and cement. This video provides a clear demonstration of the differences between the two different materials. Cement is a term that is used to describe a substance that binds materials together. Concrete is the hard mixture that is created when cement is combined with aggregates and other materials. Concrete slabs in Murfreesboro are constructed using various proportions of cement and aggregate.
A concrete contractor will have the knowledge and skills needed to mix the right type of concrete for your project. By combining different ratios of cement and aggregate, a contractor can create materials for use in various concrete foundation forms. When you work with a concrete expert, you are sure to be pleased with the durability and appearance of your concrete installation.
Concrete is a popular construction material used to make many things such as a home’s foundation, an office building, a patio, sidewalks, and your driveway in Murfreesboro . Without concrete, modern civilization would not be what it is today. Here is a brief history of concrete and the role it played in human history.
Concrete’s Early History
Manmade concrete dates back a few thousand years. The first known usage in history was in 6500 BC, when Nabataea traders, or Bedouins, built concrete-like structures in the southern region of Syria and the northern region of Jordan. By 700 BC, the Nabataea’s concrete had evolved—hydraulic lime was incorporated into their mixtures, and they gained a better understanding of the mixing and curing processes. By 3000 BC, the ancient Egyptians were using straw and mud to make and bind bricks, and used a gypsum and lime mortar to build their great pyramids and structures. Around the same time, the ancient Chinese in the north were using a cement-like material to build the Great Wall of China. By 600 BC, the ancient Greeks were using lime mortars in their buildings and structures, but it was the Romans a few centuries later who really perfected the use of concrete, and engineered and built their grand cities, streets, and structures such as the Appian Way, the Coliseum, the Pantheon, and the Pont du Gard aqueduct.
The Middle Ages
From 1200 to late 1300 AD, the concrete technology developed by the Romans was lost when the Roman Empire fell. It wasn’t until early 1400 AD when manuscripts were discovered of those techniques that interest in concrete sparked again.
1700 to the Present
In the mid 1700s, the English civil engineer John Smeaton rediscovered hydraulic lime, and is the one who’s credited for developing modern cement. Smeaton’s Tower, a lighthouse he designed and built, had a strong concrete foundation that was made to withstand the ocean’s crashing waves. Consequently, Smeaton’s work led to the invention of Portland cement by fellow Englishman Joseph Aspdin in 1824.
Concrete is remarkably strong and resilient, but it isn’t entirely impervious to damage. Whether caused by freeze-thaw cycles, aggregate pop-out, or corroded reinforcing steel, surface cracks are among the most common ailments for concrete driveways, sidewalks, patios, and other concrete surfaces. Although many surface failures on concrete slabs are cosmetic, understanding the cause of the failure can help you determine the best repair method or course of action to take to prevent future concrete problems in the future.
For example, if a concrete slab has cracked because of a poorly compacted subbase, overlaying will only temporarily restore the look of your concrete surface. Full-depth repair will require you to cut out the damaged concrete, compact the soil, replace the reinforcing steel, and install a new section of concrete slab. A concrete contractor in Murfreesboro can help you determine the extent of the damage and what type of concrete repair methods you’re looking at.
Pouring a concrete foundation or driveway in Murfreesboro takes skill and deft hands, as well as knowledge of how concrete cures and how it can be customized to suit a specific job. If you’re planning a large-scale concrete project, be sure to hire a reputable and experienced concrete contractor .
One important thing to remember about pouring concrete is that you want to maintain the consistency of the wet mixture throughout the pour—that is, adding more water to the mix, or reducing the amount of water used, can result in a weak product when dried. Watch this video to learn how concrete is poured properly, and how color is added to the final product.
Whether you’re interested in a new concrete sidewalk, driveway, parking lot, or foundation slab, a concrete contractor in Murfreesboro can help bring your project to life. If you’ve never worked with concrete before, you may have questions about this incredible construction material. To help you get started, here are answers to some commonly asked questions about concrete.
Q: What’s the differences between cement and concrete?
A: Although the terms are often used interchangeably, cement is actually an ingredient of concrete. Concrete is a mixture of aggregates (sand and gravel or crushed stone) and paste (water and Portland cement). Cement is approximately 10 to 15 percent of the concrete mix. A process called hydration causes the cement to harden and bind the aggregate mixture into a rocklike mass, which gives the concrete its strength and durability.
Q: What does it mean to “cure” concrete?
A: Curing is one of the most important steps when installing a concrete structure or foundation. Concrete hardens as a result of hydration, which is the chemical reaction between cement and water. During the curing period (five to seven days after concrete is set in place) the concrete surface must be kept moist to permit the hydration process. Your Murfreesboro concrete contractor will carefully monitor the concrete surface during the curing period to ensure the concrete’s strength and durability.
Q: Does concrete come in different colors and finishes?
A: Concrete is available in a wide variety of colors and finishes, which gives you limitless design options and possibilities. Color pigments may be added to the concrete mixture before or after the concrete is in place, or chemical stains may be used to give the surface an intended hue. Colorful aggregates may also be exposed at the surface for a colorful finish. Textures finishes can vary from a smooth polish to the roughness of gravel, and patterns of various sizes and shapes can be scored, stamped, roller, or inlaid into the concrete.
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