An Overview of the Different Types of Concrete Foundations

concrete foundation, concrete, foundation slab, concrete murfreesboro Your foundation is one of the most important structural components of your home. When you build a new home, a company offering foundation services will start the construction process by pouring a durable concrete foundation slab on your site. With a quality concrete foundation in Murfreesboro , you will have the peace of mind that comes from knowing that your home is supported by a strong and safe structure. In order to ensure the best performance from your foundation, you should be sure to choose a foundation-style that meets your needs for durability and longevity. Read on for an overview of the different types of concrete foundations.

T-Shaped Foundation

T-shaped foundations are most commonly used in areas that experience freezing temperatures during the fall and winter months. When the ground around your foundation dips to freezing temperatures, the concrete that makes the basis of your foundation could be at risk of cracking. With their wide footings, T-shaped foundations are able to support the weight of a home, even when temperatures reach freezing levels.

Slab-On-Grade Foundation

Another alternative for your home’s foundation is the slab-on-grade foundation. With a slab foundation, your concrete contractor will pour a thick concrete slab that covers the entire footprint of your home. To provide additional support, more concrete is poured along the edges of the foundation. For proper drainage, the slab foundation often rests on a bed of gravel. Since the slab-on-grade foundation is poured at a single time, it is a very durable option for any home.

Frost Protected Foundation

If concrete freezing is of a high concern for you, you may want to consider a frost protected foundation. Like a slab foundation, a frost protected foundation is primarily made of a thick layer of concrete. In order to provide additional freezing protection, your concrete contractor will place thick layers of polyurethane insulation on the exterior of your foundation. To determine the best foundation for your home, you should be sure to work with concrete specialists in your area.

How to Prevent Concrete Cracks

Your concrete foundation, patio, or driveway in Murfreesboro may crack for a variety of reasons. Two common causes of concrete cracking or spalling is concrete that has not been prepared and poured properly. For example, wet concrete mixtures that have too much water in them are weak when they are dry, which leaves them susceptible to cracking. To prevent this, concrete must be carefully mixed and correctly handled.

If you need to have a new foundation or driveway poured, be sure to hire a reputable contractor who specializes in concrete installation and maintenance. In the meantime, check out this highly informative video to learn how to prevent concrete cracks.

Looking Back at the History of Concrete

concrete, great wall of china, history of concrete Concrete is a popular construction material used to make many things such as a home’s foundation, an office building, a patio, sidewalks, and your driveway in Murfreesboro . Without concrete, modern civilization would not be what it is today. Here is a brief history of concrete and the role it played in human history.

Concrete’s Early History

Manmade concrete dates back a few thousand years. The first known usage in history was in 6500 BC, when Nabataea traders, or Bedouins, built concrete-like structures in the southern region of Syria and the northern region of Jordan. By 700 BC, the Nabataea’s concrete had evolved—hydraulic lime was incorporated into their mixtures, and they gained a better understanding of the mixing and curing processes. By 3000 BC, the ancient Egyptians were using straw and mud to make and bind bricks, and used a gypsum and lime mortar to build their great pyramids and structures. Around the same time, the ancient Chinese in the north were using a cement-like material to build the Great Wall of China. By 600 BC, the ancient Greeks were using lime mortars in their buildings and structures, but it was the Romans a few centuries later who really perfected the use of concrete, and engineered and built their grand cities, streets, and structures such as the Appian Way, the Coliseum, the Pantheon, and the Pont du Gard aqueduct.

The Middle Ages

From 1200 to late 1300 AD, the concrete technology developed by the Romans was lost when the Roman Empire fell. It wasn’t until early 1400 AD when manuscripts were discovered of those techniques that interest in concrete sparked again.

1700 to the Present

In the mid 1700s, the English civil engineer John Smeaton rediscovered hydraulic lime, and is the one who’s credited for developing modern cement. Smeaton’s Tower, a lighthouse he designed and built, had a strong concrete foundation that was made to withstand the ocean’s crashing waves. Consequently, Smeaton’s work led to the invention of Portland cement by fellow Englishman Joseph Aspdin in 1824.

Foundation Slabs 101

foundation slab, concrete foundation, concrete slab

Foundation slabs are slabs of concrete that can support substantial amounts of weight, and are ideal and cost-effective bases for structures such as homes or office buildings. Due to their durability and relative ease of installation, foundation slabs are very popular. Properly constructed concrete slabs are made to withstand extremely heavy loads, cracking, and decades of use. If you’re planning to install a

foundation slab in Murfreesboro , be sure you hire an experienced concrete contractor who specializes in concrete slab design, slab construction, and concrete installation, as well as patio and driveway design and installation.

In areas where winters are mild, concrete foundation slabs are perfect for home and commercial construction. If your home or business is supported by a concrete foundation, there are a few things to be aware of. Rainwater runoff from your roof and gutter systems can damage concrete if its constantly exposed to pooling water, so make sure you adequately divert water away from your foundation to discourage potential problems. If you live in an area where winter temperatures routinely drop way below freezing, inspect your foundation regularly for signs of cracking.